Taurine’s primary effect in MAXIMUM MIND® formulation is to increase the penetration rate of other compounds, thus enabling Marco’s Grounds to use lesser, safer doses and yet still produce the desired effect.
There are a host of other taurine benefits, many of which stem from its antioxidant properties. For mood, taurine can be a powerful drug as well. Studies suggest taurine activates GABA and glycine receptors, which provide an anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) effect. Taurine also plays a role in memory formation and learning ability as well. Several studies have found that taurine increased long-term potentiation, synaptic activity, and memory formation. Other studies showed that taurine could increase BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor), which acts as fertilizer for the brain and new memories.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
IN A NUTSHELL
Supports brain function
Supports cognitive function
Supports antioxidant defenses
Supports cardiovascular function
Functions as permeation enhancer
WHAT IS TAURINE?
Taurine is an organic amino sulfonic acid naturally produced in our body in small quantities. It has nootropic and neuroprotective actions and can improve memory and has anxiolytic effects. Taurine energizes and enhances mental performance without the crash or addictive potential of stimulants. MAXIMUM MIND® taurine is working as a permeation enhancer – a molecule that facilitates other molecules in the formula penetration into cells. In our formula, taurine facilitates the entry of cognition-enhancing molecules into the brain through the blood-brain barrier [23, 24]. This enables Marco’s Grounds to use lighter doses for consistently high results (see Marco’s Grounds Dosing Philosophy)
TAURINE ROLE IN OUR FORMULATION
TAURINE KEY MECHANISMS
Supports synaptic long-term potentiation 
Modulates GABAergic neurotransmission [2–5]
Modulates glycinergic neurotransmission 
Upregulates BDNF production 
Supports short-term memory 
Supports mood [6–9]
Downregulates reactive oxygen species (ROS) production 
Downregulates ROS by supporting mitochondrial protein synthesis [11, 12]
Upregulates antioxidant defenses [13–16]
Protects tissues from oxidative damage [8,16–18]
Protects vascular endothelial cells [8, 19]
Protects cardiac muscle cells [17, 18]
Supports the generation of new blood vessels (angiogenesis) 
Supports healthy blood flow 
Supports healthy insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism [13, 21, 22]
Functions as a permeation enhancer on the blood-brain barrier [23, 24]
Pharmaceutical Grade Cognitive and Mind Enhancing Complex
Made in Switzerland
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