Best Nootropics for Brain Health

Best Nootropics for Brain Health

The brain requires a large number of numerous micronutrients to function properly. Without the proper amount of the best nootropics for brain health with vitamins and minerals, our cognitive ability can decline, and our brain health can deteriorate.

The best nootropics for brain health include organic bacopa monnieri leaf extract, ginkgo biloba, organic huperzia serrata leaf extract, taurine, N-acetyl L-tyrosine, citicoline, methylated B vitamins, and vitamin D. These nootropic vitamins and minerals are contained in their purest form in Maximum Mind. Read on to learn how these nootropic nutrients can substantially benefit your brain health. 
Other great vitamins and minerals for brain health are magnesium, calcium, zinc, vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid), vitamin K, and iron. 

Proper nutrition is the first step toward optimal brain health. This guide discusses how to obtain the necessary brain support through an adequate intake of the appropriate nootropic essential nutrients.

“All Our Dreams Can Come True if We Have the Courage to Pursue Them.”
— Walt Disney


What Are Nootropic Vitamins and Minerals?

“The secret of getting ahead is getting started.”
— Mark Twain

Vitamins and minerals that act as nootropics support one or more aspects of cognitive function – such as memory, motivationlearning, and attention

Nootropics, also known as “smart pills,” cognitive enhancers, or memory supplements, are derived entirely from natural sources.

Among these sources are minerals from the earth and vitamins from plants. According to The Maine-Syracuse Study, nootropic vitamins and minerals are designed to improve specific cognitive functions, overall mental performance, and brain health regardless of their source. [1]

The term “nootropic” derives from the Greek phrase “to turn toward the mind.” Typically, nootropics improve one or more of the following cognitive functions:

The best nootropic for brain health, such as Maximum Mind, contains nootropic vitamins and minerals, adaptogens, choline donors, and more that can considerably help maintain brain health and help your brain perform certain tasks efficiently.


History of Nootropic Vitamins and Minerals

“If people are doubting how far you can go, go so far that you can’t hear them anymore.”
— Michele Ruiz

Humans have consumed nootropic vitamins and minerals for thousands of years, but we have not always understood how or why they work. Certain cultures emphasized them spiritually, while others took a more scientific approach.

Brain foods are high in nootropic vitamins and minerals, contributing to long-term brain health.

In either case, our forefathers and mothers were just as concerned with increasing their brainpower as we are today. While ancient cultures relied heavily on herbal sources for nootropic effects, modern technology has enabled us to isolate specific vitamins and minerals from their sources, improving the targeting and efficacy of our nootropics.

And now, we can peer inside the brain to understand how and why these supplements improve specific brain regions and areas of cognition and how the best nootropics for brain health function.

Modern Discoveries

The development of modern nootropic vitamins began with recognizing anemia as a medical condition in late-nineteenth-century England. Around 1900, researchers in the United States identified malnutrition as the underlying cause of anemia and other diseases. Until that time, physicians and scientists believed that pathogens were responsible for all conditions and medical disorders.

As a result of this recent discovery, we now know that B-complex vitamins are among the best nootropic vitamins for memory, energy, mood, and learning.

While we do not yet know exactly what cognitive functions B vitamins can improve or how they do so, clinical studies support their use as food additives in more than 50 countries.

And because B vitamins are critical for brain growth and cognitive development, doctors worldwide continue to prescribe them to pregnant women throughout their pregnancy and nursing.

The Discovery of B Vitamins

Folic acid, a component of vitamin B9, was discovered in the first half of the twentieth century – between 1931 and 1943. During the 1920s, scientists confounded anemia and folate deficiency.

However, in 1931, researcher Lucy Wills made a discovery that led scientists to identify folate deficiency as a major cause of anemia in pregnant women, not the same disorder.

In 1945, in the Lederle Lab in Pearl River, NY, a group of scientists called “the folic acid guys” discovered folic acid in its pure crystalline form for the first time.

A study found in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology asserts that in the 1950s and 1960s, scientists began to unravel the molecular mechanisms of folate, and by the late 1960s, the United States had implemented a folate fortification program. [2]

The discovery of folate’s cognitive enhancing properties was only the tip of the iceberg for modern nootropic research. Simultaneously with Lucy Wills’s initial studies on folate, Hungarian physician Paul Gyorgy discovered vitamin B6.

In the United States, daily B6 consumption of between 1.7 mg and 2.0 mg is currently advised, for example.

Vitamin B12 was the final chapter (so far) in the B vitamin discovery history books, and it proved to be one of the most difficult. It took 26 years from the time scientists first hypothesized the existence of B12 until 1947, when they isolated and extracted the first small, bright-red cobalamin crystals from liver extracts.

Early scientists’ commitment inspired an innovative approach to physical and mental imbalances, inspiring budding researchers to continue investigating the cognitive benefits of nootropic vitamins and minerals.

Nootropic Vitamins and Minerals Today

“Everything you can imagine is real.”
— Pablo Picasso

Prior to discovering nootropic vitamins and minerals, malnutrition caused tremendous agony for an infinite number of people. Physical symptoms were bad enough, but ostensibly novel “treatments” grew increasingly barbarous and primitive when mental problems began to appear.

An article found in AARP demonstrates that the research and development of these vital vitamins and minerals have contributed to a paradigm shift in how we see nutrition and supplements. [3]

Today, the majority of industrialized countries have public health programs and FDA and RDA rules aimed at ensuring that everyone has access to the vitamins and minerals our brains require for normal cognitive function.

Maximum Mind Nootropic Vitamins and Minerals

“It’s no use going back to yesterday because I was a different person then.”
— Lewis Carroll

While all B vitamins are necessary for brain function, B6, B9, and B12 are the most researched due to their capacity to modulate homocysteine levels.

Homocysteine activity is connected with low levels of B6, B9, and B12. This dangerous combination can result in cognitive decline, brain damage, mood disorders, reduced cerebral blood flow, and cognitive impairment.

A study about vitamins B5, B6, B9, and B12 – all of which are present in Maximum Mind – found in The BMJ has demonstrated that these vitamins significantly lower blood homocysteine levels. [4]

The B5 – B6 – B9 – B12 stack from Maximum Mind addresses homocysteine for enhanced emotional balance, increased mental energy, greater information storage, and long-term brain health.

Additionally, this combined effort targets mental performance issues associated with aging-related cognitive loss and decreased cerebral blood flow.

Additionally, B5 – B6 – B9 – B12  boost brain health by:

spurring brain energy metabolism
  • promoting monoamine production
  • making myelin – the fatty sheath that surrounds brain cells and nerves
  • supporting brain chemical conversion
  • preserving the mood-balancing brain protector S−Adenosyl Methionine (SAMe)

    Methylated Vitamin B6

    Vitamin B6 is necessary for the normal production of brain chemicals. It facilitates the transition of numerous neurotransmitters and serves as a precursor to serotoninGABAnorepinephrine, and melatonin.

    B6 is required for critical activities throughout the body; however, the brain has 100 times the amount of B6 found in the bloodstream.

    Because the brain requires that much B6 to synthesize and release brain chemicals, it is a necessary nootropic for all cognitive tasks.

    Brain Chemicals

    B6 promotes the synthesis and conversion of neurotransmitters. It aids in the production of mood-enhancing norepinephrine, serotonin, and GABA. A study in Alternative Medicine Review found that it aids in the conversion of tryptophan to serotonin, 5-HTP to serotonin, and DOPA to dopamine. [5]

    Brain Circulation

    B6 may help protect the blood-brain barrier’s microvascular system from the corrosive effects of homocysteine, which eats away at vessel walls and contributes to cognitive loss.

    According to researchers in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, excess homocysteine levels are associated with poor cognitive performance on eight distinct measures – including memory and learning. [6]

    Brain Protection

    Along with preserving the integrity of the blood-brain barrier, B6 aids in the development of myelin, the fatty coating that covers and protects brain cells.

    Maximum Mind is a proprietary blend of quality vitamins that are rapidly absorbed by the body and pass the blood-brain barrier.

    While numerous nutritious foods contain B6, heating, preparing, and even storing food can deplete nutritional content. Certain foods might lose up to 50% of their B6 content during cooking and storage.

    Plant foods retain the most B6 throughout processing. This is because produce includes pyridoxine, a more stable form of vitamin B6 than meat or animal byproducts containing pyridoxal or pyridoxamine.

    Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin, which means it is readily absorbed by the body but cannot be stored. As a result, it is critical to maintain a B vitamin-rich diet and supplement with vitamins and minerals from the best nootropics for brain health to meet daily requirements.

    Vitamin B6 aids in the reduction of a substance called homocysteine in the blood. Homocysteine is a sulfuric amino acid that occurs naturally in animal protein. Another study found in Cochrane Library indicates that homocysteine excess is connected with memory impairments, age-related cognitive decline, and depression. [7]

    According to studies in the Scandinavian Journal of clinical and laboratory investigation, combining vitamin B6 and folate can dramatically lower total homocysteine levels. [8]

    B6 contributes to the production of serotonin, norepinephrine, and GABA — “happy chemicals” that help regulate mood, increase energy and improve attention. Research on stress found in Medical hypotheses demonstrates that a deficiency of any of these substances can result in sadness, discomfort, exhaustion, and anxiety, but supplementing with B6 can be an effective anti-stress method.[9]

    Vitamin B6 also aids in the generation of melatonin, a critical (and frequently neglected) hormone responsible for sleep cycle regulation. Melatonin regulates our internal clock and controls circadian rhythms, instructing the brain when to wind down and enter a Delta sleep state and when to wake up and enter alpha and beta sleep states.

    Vitamin B6 is bioavailable in its purest form as methylated B6 in Maximum Mind to boost brain chemicals associated with improved long-term memory, a positive mood, and an expanded attention span. 

    According to research in Psychopharmacology, B6 supplementation may improve information storage in elderly populations moderately but significantly, especially over time. [10]

    Methylated Vitamin B9

    Vitamin B9, one of the best nootropics for brain health, often known as folate or folic acid, is a critical component of cerebrovascular function, overall brain health, and neurotransmitter regulation.

    B9, in the form of folate and folic acid, is required for a variety of physiological processes.

    Folic acid is necessary for everyone, but it is especially critical for pregnant women and women who may become pregnant. B9 is an essential ingredient in the healthy development of the brain during childhood. Additionally, enough folic acid intake before and throughout pregnancy helps prevent infant brain and spinal birth abnormalities.

    Brain Chemicals

    Because Maximum Mind contains folate identical to that found in nature (the methylated form), it doesn’t need to convert to L-Methylfolate, a bioactive nootropic that aids in the development of three critical neurotransmitters – serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine.

    Although low amounts of these brain chemicals can induce mood swings, evidence indicates that supplementing with methylated B9 may help maintain normal levels, as seen in the Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience studies. [11]

    Along with neurotransmitter modulation, folate promotes the synthesis of S-Adenosyl-methionine (SAMe), a serotonin-related signaling molecule that may contribute to a bright, balanced mood.

    Some evidence in the Journal of Psychopharmacology links low folate with depression. [12]

    Brain Circulation and Protection

    As with B6, B9 contributes to the maintenance of healthy brain function throughout adulthood due to its capacity to keep homocysteine levels in check.

    Homocysteine irritates the linings of blood vessels, raising cerebrovascular oxidative stress and impairing cerebrovascular processes required for normal cognitive performance.

    A study in the Annual Review of Nutrition finds that low B9 intake results in elevated homocysteine levels, contributing to cognitive decline and detrimental brain structural variations. [13]

    As folate, B9 aids in the conversion of homocysteine to methionine, so lowering homocysteine levels in the bloodstream to a more healthy level favorable to clear cognition.

    Methylated Vitamin B12

    Vitamin B12, often known as cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that your body desperately needs but cannot create. B12 contains cobalt, a vitamin that the body does not generate. It is also one of the best nootropics for brain health.

    Vitamin B12 is mainly known for its ability to provide energy and aid with memory. However, B12 is a critical vitamin for normal brain function. B12, like the other B vitamins, is a water-soluble vitamin, but, unlike B6 and B9, the body stores B12.

    Brain Chemicals

    B12 also affects homocysteine levels by assisting in converting homocysteine to methionine, an amino acid required for the synthesis of S-adenosylmethionine, a compound involved in various physiological processes.

    B12’s cobalamine molecule contributes to the formation of new cells and nucleoproteins and the manufacture of myelin.

    Vitamin B12 is necessary for normal neurological function, which includes the following:

    Brain Circulation and Protection

    Cobalamin aids in nervous system signaling and other brain interactions aid in metabolism and plays a role in DNA and red blood cell formation. Studies in Aging Clinical and Experimental Research found that B12 promotes cerebral blood flow, increasing brain oxygen and energy for improved cognitive performance. [14]

    B12 absorption gets more difficult as we age. Because we obtain B12 exclusively from external sources, our cobalamin levels may decrease as we age.

    Several indicators that you are not getting enough B12 include the following:

    • dizziness
    • anxiety or depression
    • confusion
    • vision problems – blurred vision, double vision, light sensitivity
    • fatigue
    • poor memory

    B12 is found naturally in animal products and is occasionally added to processed meals, but it is not found in vegetables, putting vegetarians and vegans in danger of B12 deficiency. A vitamin B12 supplement or injection can help restore deficient vitamin B12 levels and associated cognitive function. 

    However, it is important to supplement with the methylated form of B12 like in Maximum Mind, since the non-methylated versions might be doing more harm than good.

    Other Vitamins and Minerals for Brain Health

    “Do what you feel in your heart to be right – for you’ll be criticized anyway.”
    — Eleanor Roosevelt

    The brain requires a large number of micronutrients to function optimally. While B-complex vitamins benefit numerous aspects of cognition, several additional critical nootropic vitamins and minerals can be used in conjunction with B vitamins as part of a healthy brain approach. The following are some of the best nootropics for brain health with vitamins and minerals properties for cognitive enhancement;


    Magnesium is one of the most essential nutrients for our bodies to function properly. It participates in about 300 enzymatic processes occurring throughout the body, including energy metabolism and glucose control.

    Magnesium supports optimal brain function in a variety of ways, including the following:

    • mood
    • stress
    • learning
    • sleep
    • memory

    However, experts estimate that up to 68% of people today do not consume the recommended daily allowance of magnesium, and nearly 20% consume less than half of the RDA. Research in The Journal of the American College of Nutrition asserts that if you regularly experience brain fog, you may require an increase in magnesium. [15]

    Consume a variety of green leafy vegetables, raw cacao, sprouted nuts and seeds, avocado, sea vegetables such as kelp or nori, wild-caught seafood, and pink salt to increase your magnesium intake.


    Calcium is an alkaline earth metal that is found in high concentrations in the bodies of modern people as a result of our eating patterns. Calcium is well recognized for strengthening bones, but it is also necessary for normal brain function.

    A report from The National Academies Collection verifies that about 1% of the body’s stored calcium is used by the brain for cellular communication, nerve transmission, and hormone release. [16]

    This 1% does not vary according to the amount of calcium consumed. And, unlike other vitamins and minerals, the danger associated with calcium is not from a lack but an excess.

    Calcium regulates neurotransmitter release and intracellular signaling in normal quantities.

    However, elevated calcium levels can result in difficulties with:

    • concentration
    • learning
    • language
    • attention
    • memory

    You can get your calcium levels checked as part of your routine doctor visit to determine if you need to adjust your calcium intake.

    Magnesium + Calcium

    Our forefathers and mothers consumed a relatively equal amount of calcium and magnesium. The typical modern human diet has around 15 times the amount of calcium as magnesium, however, resulting in some major complications.

    Magnesium aids in detoxification, but excessive calcium results in calcification, which can cause anxiety, parathyroid difficulties, focus disorders, migraines, asthma, and allergies.

    Recent research in Molecular Cell indicates that having too much calcium and not enough magnesium can result in even more severe diseases.[17]


    The human body contains around 2 grams of zinc, the majority of which is concentrated in the brain, notably the hippocampus, with significant amounts in the choroid retinal layer – a brain extension. Zinc is necessary for brain cell communication, as it is involved in axonal and synaptic transmission, protein synthesis, and healthy DNA and RNA production.

    Research in Biological Psychiatry found that zinc deficiency has been associated with cognitive birth abnormalities, hyperactivity, alcoholism, and brain imbalances. [18]

    The following groups are in danger of zinc deficiency:

    • pregnant and nursing women
    • vegetarians
    • alcoholics
    • people with GI problems

    In North America and Europe, overt zinc deficiency is uncommon and is typically caused by a poor diet. Zinc is abundant in shellfish, particularly oysters, as well as beef, pig, chicken, and baked beans.

    Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)

    This antioxidant vitamin is abundant in the brain, particularly the pituitary gland and the adrenal glands. Vitamin C promotes dopamine production and protects the brain from oxidative stress.

    Vitamin C, as an antioxidant, aids in the removal of toxins from the brain that can cause long-term illnesses characterized by memory issues and nerve damage. As a cognitive enhancer, it can help with the following:

    • mood
    • memory
    • overall brain health
    • intelligence

    Because the body does not store vitamin C, sufficient amounts must be consumed daily. Although visible deficiencies such as scurvy are uncommon in the modern world, subclinical deficiencies persist, especially among at-risk groups such as the elderly, smokers, hospital patients, and low-income families.

    Take a supplement and eat citrus fruit, leafy green vegetables, peppers, tropical fruits such as pineapple, papaya, mango, cherries, berries, brussels sprouts, tomatoes, and parsley to increase your vitamin C intake.

    Vitamin D

    Vitamin D is obtained mostly from exposure to sunlight or supplementation. Until recently, D vitamins were underrated for their cognitive benefits. Vitamin D receptors have been discovered to be prevalent throughout the brain.

    D3, in particular, possesses neuroprotective characteristics that may aid in the brain’s defense against cognitive decline and persistent mood and memory problems. 

    Vitamin D3 has been shown in studies found in the Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation to help remove amyloid plaques associated with cognitive dysfunctions such as dementia and other forms of severe cognitive impairment [19]; as such, vitamin D is one of the best nootropics for brain health.

    Vitamin D3 and the other D vitamins are necessary for normal brain growth and cognitive function as we age. However, recent research indicates that vitamin D insufficiency is so pervasive that many experts regard it a global health problem.

    Assure that you are getting adequate D3 by spending time outside on sunny days and supplementing with a high-quality, absorbable form like the one present in Maximum Mind. Further to note is that there are not many plant-based sources of vitamin D3, the superior form, yet Marco’s Grounds sources D3 from North American wild lichen, making it suitable for vegans.
    Note: there’s an effective dose of vitamin D3 extracted from North American wild lichen in each dose of Maximum Mind.

    Read more about vitamin D on the Marco’s Grounds Deep Dive or dig deeper into the benefits of vitamin D here.

    Vitamin K

    Vitamin K has recently been thrust into the nootropic spotlight due to its role in cognitive wellness. It is unarguably one of the best nootropics for brain health. Connected initially with blood coagulation, current research reveals that a large number of non-blood-related vitamin K-dependent proteins (VKDPs) require vitamin K to function properly in the brain.

    Additionally, vitamin K affects the nervous system by assisting in the metabolism of sphingolipids – structural substances found in the membranes of brain cells that protect them from harmful inflammation and oxidative stress, as seen in a study in Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis. [20]

    Vitamin K acts as a direct regulator of cognitive performance.


    Iron is required for myelin production, the fatty coating surrounding and protecting brain cells. It poses as one of the best nootropics for brain health as it takes into account neurotransmitter synthesis and oxidative metabolism, the process through which the body converts carbs and sugars to energy.

    Iron influences the following functions in the brain:

    • sensory perception
    • attention span
    • behavior
    • mood

    A similar study in Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis found that while high iron levels are required for myelin and neurotransmitter synthesis, an excess of iron in the brain can result in chronic cognitive dysfunction associated with iron-induced iron oxidative stress. [20]

    Oxidative stress occurs because our cells produce free radical molecules in response to oxygen intake through breathing and interacting with cell energy.

    Iron levels vary with age and diet. We accumulate more iron as we age unless our diet is deficient in iron-containing foods. It is critical to consume the appropriate amount of iron, as excess can cause physiological problems, and deficiency can impair cognitive development and function.

    Folic acid, B12 and Iron

    When combined, folic acid, vitamin B12, and iron form a complex mechanism. Because an excess of one can conceal a deficiency in another, the triad must always be balanced.

    Organic Bacopa Monnieri Leaf Extract

    According to a study published in the Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences [21], Bacopa monnieri is a nootropic herb with numerous beneficial effects on cognition, particularly in men and women over the age of 35. It specifically helps to boost serotonin and GABA levels in the brain.

    GABA is an inhibitory brain chemical that acts as a buffer for excitatory neurons like cortisol, balancing stress responses. Serotonin is also involved in regulating brain functions related to mood and stress.

    Given that brain health is associated with increased cognitive performance with decreased stress, bacopa monnieri may be useful in inducing them and keeping the brain healthy for a more extended period of time.

    Bacopa has been shown to help with learning and memory storage. This is fairly uncontroversial information. It also has antidepressant properties, according to one study published in Alternative and Complementary Medicine, which may help us relax and concentrate more easily [22].

    Bacopa is demonstrated to be one of the best nootropics for brain health, which is evidently shown in a study from Neurochemical research, which suggests that Bacopa may aid in the maintenance of a healthy balance of neurotransmitter activity in the cerebral cortex, which then provides the foundation for increased flow states [23].

    Note: there’s an effective dose of organic bacopa monnieri leaf extract at 50% minimum bacosides, in each dose of Maximum Mind.

    Read more on bacopa on the Marco’s Grounds Deep Dive or find out more about the benefits of bacopa here.

    Organic Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract

    This antioxidant-rich plant can be used to treat a range of diseases. Ginkgo stimulates blood flow to the brain and crosses the blood-brain barrier (BBB), making it highly efficient and classed as one of the best nootropics for brain health. 

    Additionally, research published in the Journal of Neural Regeneration Research indicates that Ginkgo biloba leaf extract injection improves stem cell health across various brain areas [24]. Now you can heal damaged brain cells and promote the growth of new ones.

    Despite decades of use, ginkgo research is still in its infancy when studying its advantages for brain health. As a result, it’s conceivable that there are benefits we’re unaware of.

    Ginkgo naturally ranks among the best nootropics for brain health due to its capacity to improve brain clarity and blood flow.

    Note: there’s an effective dose of organic gingko biloba leaf extract at 24% glycosides 6% terpene lactones in each dose of Maximum Mind.

    Read more on ginkgo on the Marco’s Grounds Deep Dive or find out more details on the benefits of ginkgo.

    Organic Huperzia Serrata Leaf Extract

    Organic Huperzia Serrata Leaf Extract

    Huperzine A is discovered in extracts of Chinese club moss (Huperzia Serrata). Huperzine A provides several advantages. It contributes to the enhancement of acetylcholine signaling. By regulating the enzyme cholinesterase, this neurotransmitter enhances memory and cognition functions.

    By and large, it significantly increases acetylcholine. Its relationship with cholinergic signaling accounts for its importance in memory and cognitive functions like concentration.

    Huperzine A has been found to be effective as an anti-cholinesterase agent in complementary and alternative medicine (a chemical essential to learning and memory).

    Additionally, huperzine A has been shown in multiple trials in Chemistry Biodiversity to improve memory and learning and to protect against cognitive loss as we age [25]. The effects of huperzine A have been investigated in both patient and non-patient trials. In a reference trial, 68 teenagers were randomly assigned to either huperzine A or a placebo. Supplementation with huperzine A resulted in a considerable increase in memory quotient and performance on the Weschler memory scale [26].

    These findings established a foundation for developing clinical trials utilizing huperzine A to treat memory problems. Huperzine A’s efficacy against age-related degenerative disorders and trauma-related memory deficits, such as those recently identified in ex-NFL players in the United States, is being examined [26].

    As a result of its influence on acetylcholine and working memory, huperzine A is one of the best nootropics for brain health.

    Note: there’s an effective dose of huperzine A at 50% purity in each dose of Maximum Mind.

    Read more about huperzine A on the Marco’s Grounds Deep Dive or read more about the benefits of huperzine A here.

    scallops with taurine benefits


    Taurine is a plentiful -amino acid with a variety of cytoprotective properties. Taurine is an essential nutrient in some species but is considered semi-essential in humans, even though cells lacking taurine exhibit significant pathology. 

    These findings have sparked interest in taurine’s potential therapeutic application. The discovery that taurine is an effective treatment for congestive heart failure prompted further research into taurine’s potential as a therapeutic agent for other disease states. Taurine is currently approved in Japan to treat congestive heart failure and is showing promise in treating many other diseases. 

    The research found in Biomolecules & Therapeutics indicates that taurine may have a role in the treatment of muscle, central nervous system, and cardiovascular diseases. [27]

    Taurine is highly effective in treating mitochondrial disease, mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) and represents a novel therapeutic approach for metabolic diseases such as diabetes and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis

    These brain-related diseases reduce our daily life efficiency – but by supplementing with the right amount of taurine, we are sure to improve productivity. This makes taurine one of the best nootropics for brain health.

    Note: there’s an effective dose of taurine in its free form at 99% purity in each dose of Maximum Mind.

    Read more about taurine on the Marco’s Grounds Deep Dive or dig deeper into the benefits of taurine here.

    N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine

    N-acetyl L-tyrosine (or simply NALT) is an amino acid that acts as a precursor for synthesizing dopamine, adrenaline, and norepinephrine.

    NALT compensates for the effects of low cortisol levels generated by strenuous exercises. It contributes to the brain’s defense mechanism against stress hormones. Additionally, it aids in rebuilding neurotransmitter levels that have been depleted due to extended stress.

    When your mind becomes exhausted, NALT will assist in reviving it – this component has a reputation for increasing mental performance and alertness, which may benefit you at your highest stress level.

    In other words, if you’re a hard-training professional, NALT may improve your cognitive performance throughout workouts. Indeed, multiple investigations in the journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise believe that it aids in increasing exercise tolerance and preventing fatigue [28].

    As a result, L-tyrosine is highly effective and indubitably one of the best nootropics for brain health and stress.

    Note: there’s an effective dose of L-tyrosine as N-acetyl L-tyrosine in in each dose of Maximum Mind.

    Read more about tyrosine on the Marco’s Grounds Deep Dive or dig deeper into the benefits of tyrosine here.

    Citicoline as Cognizin®

    Citicoline is a naturally occurring, life-sustaining molecule that is a modified form of choline. It is required for the synthesis of two essential components of neurological function:

    • Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is a phospholipid that aids in developing and repairing new brain cells.
    • Acetylcholine (ACh) is a neurotransmitter that activates the cholinergic system, which has a role in memory, learning, and recall.

    Citicoline boosts mental energy, which has nootropic brain health benefits.

    This is crucial because strenuous work can deplete your physical and mental abilities. Consistently pushing yourself to the brink of extreme stress may negatively affect your mental energy. Supplementation with citicoline helps to compensate for this.

    Let’s be honest: how often have you been totally working, but you lacked the mental stamina to continue? This is the domain of citicoline.

    More importantly, citicoline increases our mental energy without causing a dreadful stimulant crash – making citicoline one of the best nootropics for brain health.

    Note: there’s an effective dose of citicoline as Cognizin® in each dose of Maximum Mind.

    Read more about citicoline on the Marco’s Grounds Deep Dive and about the benefits of citicoline for brain power here.



    Combining Maximum Mind with your regular diet provides the complete spectrum of nootropic essentials for mental performance, clarity, and brain health.

    Maximum Mind contains several of the most critical nootropic vitamins your brain requires for optimal mental performance, including methylated B5, B6, B9, and B12 in their bioavailable and purest forms, vitamin D3, L-tyrosine, citicoline, organic bacopa monnieri leaf extract, organic ginkgo biloba leaf extract, huperzine A and more.

    Why not experience the benefits of the best nootropics for brain health in their purest form along with other clinically studied compounds for increasing brain performance and health with Maximum Mind?



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